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An extensive toolkit developed by TDR has been published on how to conduct implementation research. This toolkit was designed to help people learn a standard process that would lead to results that could be compared across regions and countries. It is designed to help identify system bottlenecks and the stakeholders to be involved, formulate appropriate research questions, conduct the research and develop a plan for implementing the study results.

Implementation research is conducted within routine systems and real life settings, removed from the controlled settings associated with other types of scientific research. The need to address implementation barriers and improve delivery of health services is often greatest in settings where health systems are the weakest or non-existent. Implementation research addresses these bottlenecks by identifying optimal approaches for a particular setting.


The toolkit is aimed at health care service providers, programme staff, researchers, decision makers, finance and admin officers, and media. It will help you learn to:

  • Identify barriers to implementation and formulate the research question
  • Make your case for funding
  • Set up a study design and appropriate methodologies
  • Plan the project (budget, personnel, timelines, monitoring and evaluation)
  • Collect, analyse and present research information
  • Develop a dissemination plan
  • Monitor and evaluate your research project

Over 200 researchers, academics, disease control programme managers, policy-makers, health administrators, communication scientists and journalists contributed to test and evaluate the toolkit. Major funding was provided by USAID, with additional support from the Implementation Research Platform at the World Health Organization.

You can read more about the toolkit with the following links:

Participants' Manual

Facilitator's guide

Brochure about the toolkit



  • abhattachan Anuj Bhattachan 18 Sep 2014

    Thank you so much !! this tool kit so much in need.