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Understanding and Addressing the Global Need for Orthopaedic Trauma Care.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Nov 2;98(21):1844-1853.

Agarwal-Harding KJ1von Keudell A2Zirkle LG3Meara JG4Dyer GS5.

The burden of musculoskeletal trauma is high worldwide, disproportionately affecting the poor, who have the least access to quality orthopaedic trauma care.Orthopaedic trauma care is essential, and must be a priority in the horizontal development of global health systems.The education of surgeons, nonphysician clinicians, and ancillary staff in low and middle income countries is central to improving access to and quality of care.Volunteer surgical missions from rich countries can sustainably expand and strengthen orthopaedic trauma care only when they serve a local need and build local capacity.Innovative business models may help to pay for care of the poor. Examples include reducing costs through process improvements and cross-subsidizing from profitable high-volume activities.Resource-poor settings may foster innovations in devices or systems with universal applicability in orthopaedics.